Hadoop SSH免密码登录

1. 创建ssh-key

这里我们采用rsa方式,使用如下命令:

xiaosi@xiaosi:~$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -f ~/.ssh/id_rsa
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Created directory '/home/xiaosi/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:n/sFaAT94A/xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xiaosi@xiaosi
The key's randomart image is:
+---[xxxxx]----+
| o= .. .. |
| o.= .. .|
| *.* o .|
| +.4.=E+..|
| .SBo=. h+ |
| ogo..oo. |
| or +j..|
| ...+o=.|
| ... o=+|
+----[xxxxx]-----+

备注:

这里会提示输入pass phrase,不需要输入任何字符,回车即可。

2. 生成authorized_keys文件

xiaosi@xiaosi:~$ cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

记得要把authorized_keys文件放到.ssh目录下,与rsa等文件放在一起,否则免登录失败,debug如下(ssh -vvv localhost进行调试,查找错误原因):

xiaosi@xiaosi:~$ ssh -vvv localhost
OpenSSH_7.2p2 Ubuntu-4ubuntu1, OpenSSL 1.0.2g-fips 1 Mar 2016
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: /etc/ssh/ssh_config line 19: Applying options for *
debug2: resolving "localhost" port 22
debug2: ssh_connect_direct: needpriv 0
debug1: Connecting to localhost [127.0.0.1] port 22.
debug1: Connection established.
debug1: identity file /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_rsa type 1

...

debug2: we sent a publickey packet, wait for reply
debug3: receive packet: type 51
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey,password
debug1: Trying private key: /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_dsa
debug3: no such identity: /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_dsa: No such file or directory
debug1: Trying private key: /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_ecdsa
debug3: no such identity: /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_ecdsa: No such file or directory
debug1: Trying private key: /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_ed25519
debug3: no such identity: /home/xiaosi/.ssh/id_ed25519: No such file or directory
debug2: we did not send a packet, disable method
debug3: authmethod_lookup password
debug3: remaining preferred: ,password
debug3: authmethod_is_enabled password
debug1: Next authentication method: password
xiaosi@localhost's password:

3. 验证

xiaosi@xiaosi:~$ ssh localhost
The authenticity of host 'localhost (127.0.0.1)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:378enl3ckhdpObP8fnsHr1EXz4d1q2Jde+jUplkub/Y.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'localhost' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
sign_and_send_pubkey: signing failed: agent refused operation
xiaosi@localhost's password:

4. authorized_keys权限

我们可以看到还是让我输入密码,很大可能是authorized_keys文件权限的问题,我们给该文件赋予一定权限:

xiaosi@xiaosi:~$ chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

再次验证:

xiaosi@xiaosi:~$ ssh localhost
Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.4.0-24-generic x86_64)
* Documentation: https://help.ubuntu.com/
0 个可升级软件包。
0 个安全更新。
Last login: Thu Jun 16 08:05:50 2016 from 127.0.0.1

到此表示OK了。

备注:

第一次需要输入密码,以后再次登陆就不需要输入密码了。

有更明白的小伙伴可以指导一下。。。。。。

赏几毛白!